E 150 V8-4.6L SOHC VIN W (2004)
Oil Temperature Sensor/Switch: Description and Operation
ENGINE OIL TEMPERATURE SENSOR
Typical Engine Oil Temperature (EOT) Sensor
The engine oil temperature (EOT) sensor (Figure 35) is a thermistor device in which resistance changes with temperature. The electrical resistance of a
thermistor decreases as the temperature increases and increases as the temperature decreases. The varying resistance affects the voltage drop across the
sensor terminals and provides electrical signals to the PCM corresponding to temperature.
Thermistor-type sensors are considered passive sensors. A passive sensor is connected to a voltage divider network so that varying the resistance of the
passive sensor causes a variation in total current flow.
Voltage that is dropped across a fixed resistor in a series with the sensor resistor determines the voltage signal at the PCM. This voltage signal is equal to
the reference voltage minus the voltage drop across the fixed resistor.
The EOT sensor measures the temperature of the engine oil. The sensor is typically threaded into the engine oil lubrication system near the oil filter or
screwed into the oil pan. The PCM can use the EOT sensor input to determine the following:
On Variable Cam Timing (VCT) applications the EOT input is used to adjust the VCT control gains and logic for camshaft timing.
The PCM can use EOT sensor input in conjunction with other PCM inputs to determine oil degradation.
The PCM can use EOT sensor input to initiate a soft engine shutdown. To prevent engine damage from occurring as a result of high oil
temperatures, the PCM has the ability to initiate a soft engine shutdown. Whenever engine RPM exceeds a calibrated level for a certain period of
time, the PCM will begin reducing power by disabling engine cylinders.