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Supplemental Restraint System - Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS)—Vehicles Built Up To: 02/2000 Ka 1997 (09/1996-)
Diagnosis and Testing

Refer to Wiring Diagrams Section 501-20B, for schematic and connector information.

Special Tool(s)

Simulator, Air Bag - Driver and Passenger

418-037 (40-001)

Test and Deployment Lead, Air Bag

418-S055 (40-007)

General Equipment
Worldwide diagnostic system (WDS)

Diagnosing Customer Concerns Without Hard DTCs/LFCs

WARNING:
WARNING:The battery back up power supply must be depleted before any work is carried out on the supplemental restraint system. Wait at least 15 minutes after disconnecting the battery ground cable before disconnecting any supplemental restraint system electrical connector. Failure to follow this instruction may result in personal injury.
NOTE:
NOTE:Following the pinpoint tests when a lamp fault code (LFC) is not present, will result in needless replacement of air bag system components and repeat repairs.

Speak with the customer to determine if a particular set of conditions must be met in order to indicate a fault. If a LFC is reported by the customer but is not present when the vehicle comes in for repair, pinpoint test diagnostics cannot be used. Instruct the customer on how to count a LFC.

Diagnosing Customer Concerns with Hard DTCs/LFCs

WARNING:
WARNING:Do not use substitute air bag simulators when working on the supplemental restraint system. Use only the appropriate tool. Failure to follow these instructions may result in personal injury.

Most air bag system diagnostic procedures require the use of system deactivation and system reactivation procedures. These procedures require the air bag module(s) to be disconnected from the SRS, thereby removing the risk of the air bag deployment while diagnostics are carried out.

Air bag simulators are required to carry out diagnosis and testing of the air bag system. The simulator contains a resistor, used to simulate an air bag module connection to the system. It is not acceptable to short-circuit the air bag module connections with a 0 ohm jumper wire. If a 0 ohm jumper wire is used to short-circuit the air bag module connections, a LFC will be displayed.

Deactivation

WARNING:
WARNING:The battery back up power supply must be depleted before any work is carried out on the supplemental restraint system. Wait at least 15 minutes after disconnecting the battery ground cable before disconnecting any supplemental restraint system electrical connector. Failure to follow this instruction may result in personal injury.
  1. Disconnect the battery ground cable.
    REFER to: Battery Disconnect and Connect (414-01 Battery, Mounting and Cables, General Procedures).
  1. Wait at least 15 minutes for the backup power supply in the air bag control module to deplete its stored energy.
WARNING:
WARNING:To minimize the possibility of premature deployment, live air bag modules must only be placed on a work benches which have been ground bonded and with the trim cover facing up. Failure to follow this instruction may result in personal injury.
  1. Remove the driver air bag module from the vehicle.
    REFER to: Driver Air Bag Module (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
  1. Connect the driver air bag simulator to the sub-harness in place of the driver air bag module at the top of the steering column.
  1. Disconnect the passenger air bag module electrical connector (if equipped).
    REFER to: Passenger Air Bag Module (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
  1. Connect the passenger air bag simulator to the harness in place of the passenger air bag module.
  1. Connect the battery ground cable.
    REFER to: Battery Disconnect and Connect (414-01 Battery, Mounting and Cables, General Procedures).

Reactivation

WARNING:
WARNING:The air bag simulators must be removed and the air bag module(s) reconnected when reactivated to avoid non-deployment in a collision. Failure to follow this instruction may result in personal injury.
  1. Disconnect the battery ground cable.
    REFER to: Battery Disconnect and Connect (414-01 Battery, Mounting and Cables, General Procedures).
  1. Wait at least 15 minutes for the backup power supply in the air bag control module to deplete its stored energy.
  1. Remove the driver air bag simulator from the sub-harness at the top of the steering column.
  1. Connect and install the driver air bag module.
    REFER to: Driver Air Bag Module (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
  1. Remove the passenger air bag simulator from the passenger air bag module harness.
  1. Connect the passenger air bag module electrical connector (if equipped).
    REFER to: Passenger Air Bag Module (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
  1. Connect the battery ground cable.
    REFER to: Battery Disconnect and Connect (414-01 Battery, Mounting and Cables, General Procedures).
  1. Prove out the system.

Glossary

Air Bag Simulator

Air bag simulators are used to simulate air bag module connections to the system.

Deactivate The System

Deactivate the system means to carry out the deactivation procedure. REFER to Deactivation in this procedure.

Prove Out The System

The air bag warning indicator will illuminate for approximately three seconds at key ON. If there is a fault condition, after a two second delay, the air bag warning indicator will:

  • illuminate continuously
  • flash

Reactivate The System

Reactivate the system means to carry out the reactivation procedure. REFER to Reactivation in this procedure.

Principles of Operation

Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) Operation

The supplemental restraint system is DC fired.

In the event of a severe frontal or three-quarter frontal impact, in excess of a predetermined limit, the driver and passenger (if equipped) front air bag(s) will deploy.

Air bag deployment will only occur, in the event of a severe collision when the ignition key is in the RUN position.

Air Bag Control Module

The air bag control module is mounted horizontally to the crossmember beneath the floor console, to facilitate impact sensing along the longitudinal axis. The air bag control module retains full control of the whole system, providing continual system checks and full diagnostic capabilities. A visual warning indicator that is housed within the instrument cluster, is illuminated when the ignition is switched ON for approximately three seconds then goes out. If a fault occurs the warning indicator, depending on the nature of the fault, begins to flash or illuminates continuously after five seconds.

In the event of a failure in the vehicle power supply during or after an accident, the air bag control module provides an auxiliary power supply, sufficient to deploy the air bag(s) for a minimum of 150ms. The back up power supply is discharged by the air bag control module within 15 minutes of the battery ground cable being disconnected. Thus making sure the supplemental restraint system remains operational.

The air bag control module contains a micro-controller to evaluate and process impact data and two micromachine sensors. An electronic accelerometer that converts the actual acceleration and deceleration force along the vehicles longitudinal axis into electrical signals. When both these sensors sense an impact, in excess of a predetermined limit, the air bag control module initiates the circuit to deploy the frontal air bags. The two micromachine sensors prevent unintentional deployment of the frontal air bags.

Air Bag Warning Indicator

The air bag warning indicator is incorporated into the instrument cluster, together with the automatic detach detect (ADD) circuit. The air bag warning indicator illuminates for three seconds at key ON. If the system self-tests OK the indicator extinguishes, if a fault is detected the indicator will flash after five seconds, illuminate continually from key ON or not illuminate at all, depending on the nature of the fault.

The ADD circuit is designed to illuminate the air bag warning indicator continuously, if the air bag control module circuit is broken, either by loss of power or ground supply. The air bag control module retaining bolts are part of the ground circuit.

Inspection and Verification

  1. Verify the customer concern.
  1. Visually inspect for obvious signs of mechanical or electrical damage.

Visual Inspection Chart

Electrical
  • Fuse(s)
  • Electrical connector(s)
  • Bulb
  • Circuit(s)
  1. If an obvious cause for an observed or reported concern is found, correct the cause (if possible) before proceeding to the next step.
  1. Check the warning indicator flash code and refer to the Symptom Chart.

Symptom Chart

Symptom Possible Sources Action
No air bag warning indicator
*
Instrument cluster.
*
Bulb.
*
GO to Pinpoint Test A.
Air bag warning indicator on all the time
*
Instrument cluster.
*
Air bag control module.
*
Circuit(s).
*
GO to Pinpoint Test B.
Air bag warning indicator one flash cycle: Driver air bag module failure; driver air bag squib resistance out of range
*
Driver air bag module.
*
Air Bag Sliding Contact
*
Circuit(s).
*
GO to Pinpoint Test C.
Air bag warning indicator two flash cycle: Passenger air bag module failure; passenger air bag squib resistance out of range
*
Passenger air bag module.
*
Circuit(s).
*
GO to Pinpoint Test D.
Air bag warning indicator three flash cycle: Short to battery positive or ground in section of air bag squib circuit which is common to both driver and passenger air bag squib circuits
*
Circuit(s).
*
GO to Pinpoint Test E.

Pinpoint Tests

PINPOINT TEST A : NO AIR BAG WARNING INDICATOR

TEST CONDITIONS DETAILS/RESULTS/ACTIONS
A1: CHECK THE INSTRUMENT CLUSTER WARNING INDICATORS
1
Ignition switch in position II.
2
Turn the headlamps ON main beam.
3
Check the instrument cluster warning indicators.

Is the main beam warning indicator illuminated?
Yes
No
CHECK the instrument cluster. For additional information, refer to the Wiring Diagrams.
A2: CHECK THE AIR BAG WARNING INDICATOR CIRCUIT
1
Deactivate the supplemental restraint system.
2
Ignition switch in position 0.
3
Disconnect Air Bag Control Module C151.
4
Disconnect Instrument Cluster C44.

5
Measure the resistance between the instrument cluster C44 pin 8, circuit 91S-MA14 (BK/GN), harness side and the air bag control module C151 pin 21, circuit 91S-MA14 (BK/GN), harness side.

Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes
No
REPAIR circuit 91S-MA14 (BK/GN). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
A3: CHECK THE AIR BAG WARNING INDICATOR CIRCUIT FOR SHORT TO GROUND

1
Measure the resistance between the instrument cluster C44 pin 8, circuit 91S-MA14 (BK/GN), harness side and ground.

Is the resistance greater than 10,000 ohms?
Yes
INSTALL a new air bag control module.
REFER to: Air Bag Control Module - Vehicles Built Up To: 02/2000 (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
No
REPAIR circuit 91S-MA14 (BK/GN). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.

PINPOINT TEST B : AIR BAG WARNING LIGHT ILLUMINATED ALL THE TIME

TEST CONDITIONS DETAILS/RESULTS/ACTIONS
B1: CHECK THE SUPPLY CIRCUIT
1
Deactivate the supplemental restraint system.
2
Disconnect Air Bag Control Module C151.
3
Ignition switch in position II.

4
Measure the voltage between the air bag control module C-151 pin 19, circuit 94-MA10 (VT/OG), harness side and ground .

Is the voltage greater than 10 volts?
Yes
No
REPAIR circuit 94-MA10 (VT/OG). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
B2: CHECK THE AIR BAG CONTROL MODULE GROUND
1
Ignition switch in position 0.

2
Measure the resistance between the air bag control module C151 pin 20, circuit 91-MA10 (BK/RD), harness side and ground.

Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes
No
REPAIR circuit 91-MA10 (BK/RD). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
B3: CHECK THE AIR BAG WARNING INDICATOR CIRCUIT
1
Disconnect Instrument Cluster C44.

2
Measure the resistance between the instrument cluster C44 pin 8, circuit 91S-MA14 (BK/GN), harness side and the air bag control module C151 pin 21, circuit 91S-MA14 (BK/GN), harness side.

Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes
No
REPAIR circuit 91S-MA14 (BK/GN). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
B4: CHECK THE AIR BAG WARNING INDICATOR FUNCTION

1
Install a fused (7.5A) jumper wire between the air bag control module C151 pin 21, circuit 91S-MA14 (BK/GN), harness side and ground.
2
Ignition switch in position II.

Is the air bag warning indicator illuminated?
Yes
INSTALL a new instrument cluster.
REFER to: Instrument Cluster (413-01 Instrument Cluster, Removal and Installation).
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
No
INSTALL a new air bag control module.
REFER to: Air Bag Control Module - Vehicles Built Up To: 02/2000 (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.

PINPOINT TEST C : AIR BAG WARNING INDICATOR CONDITION ONE FLASH

TEST CONDITIONS DETAILS/RESULTS/ACTIONS
C1: CHECK DRIVER AIR BAG CIRCUIT RESISTANCE
1
Deactivate the supplemental restraint system.
2
Ignition switch in position II.
3
Carry out the self-test with the simulators installed.

Does the system prove out correctly?
Yes
No
C2: CHECK THE DRIVER AIR BAG MODULE
WARNING:
WARNING:Do not proceed with this test unless using WDS. Failure to follow this instruction may result in personal injury.
1
Connect the test and deployment lead to the driver air bag module.
2
Select DMM specific on WDS.
3
Connect the test and deployment lead to WDS.

4
Measure the resistance of the air bag module squib.

Is the resistance between 2 and 3 ohms?
Yes
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
No
INSTALL a new driver air bag module.
REFER to: Driver Air Bag Module (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
C3: CHECK THE AIR BAG SLIDING CONTACT FOR OPEN CIRCUIT OR HIGH RESISTANCE
1
Disconnect Air Bag Sliding Contact C150.

2
Measure the resistance between the air bag sliding contact C150 pin 1 and pin 3, component side.
3
Turn the steering wheel from lock to lock and note the resistance reading.

Is resistance greater than 3.0 - 3.5 ohms?
Yes
INSTALL a new air bag sliding contact.
REFER to: Air Bag Sliding Contact - Vehicles Built Up To: 02/2000 (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
No
C4: CHECK THE AIR BAG SLIDING CONTACT FOR SHORT CIRCUIT
1
Disconnect Driver Air Bag Simulator.

2
Measure the resistance between the air bag sliding contact C150 pin 1 and pin 3, component side.
3
Turn the steering wheel from lock to lock and note the resistance reading.

Is resistance greater than 10,000 ohms?
Yes
No
INSTALL a new air bag sliding contact.
REFER to: Air Bag Sliding Contact - Vehicles Built Up To: 02/2000 (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
C5: CHECK THE AIR BAG WIRING HARNESS FOR OPEN CIRCUIT
1
Disconnect Air Bag Control Module C151.

2
Measure the resistance between the:
  • air bag control module C151 pin 3, circuit 94S-MA8 (VT), harness side and the air bag sliding contact C150 pin 3, circuit 94S-MA8 (VT), harness side.
  • air bag control module C151 Pin 16 circuit 91S-MA8 (BK/OG) and the air bag sliding contact C150 pin 1, circuit 91S-MA8 (BK/OG), harness side.

Are the resistances less than 5 ohms?
Yes
No
REPAIR circuit 91S-MA8 (BK/OG) or circuit 94S-MA8 (VT). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
C6: CHECK THE AIR BAG WIRING HARNESS FOR SHORT CIRCUIT

1
Measure the resistance between the restraints control module C151 pin 3, circuit 94S-MA8 (VT), harness side and pin 16 circuit 91S-MA8 (BK/OG).

Is the resistance greater than 10,000 ohms?
Yes
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
No
REPAIR circuits 91S-MA8 (BK/OG) and circuit 94S-MA8 (VT). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.

PINPOINT TEST D : WARNING INDICATOR CONDITION TWO FLASHES

TEST CONDITIONS DETAILS/RESULTS/ACTIONS
D1: CHECK THE PASSENGER AIR BAG CIRCUIT
1
Deactivate the supplemental restraint system.
2
Ignition switch in position II.
3
Carry out the self-test with the simulators installed.

Does the system prove out correctly?
Yes
No
D2: CHECK THE PASSENGER AIR BAG MODULE SQUIB RESISTANCE
WARNING:
WARNING:Do not proceed with this test unless using WDS. Failure to follow this instruction may result in personal injury.
1
Connect the test and deployment lead to the passenger air bag module – first inflator.
2
Select DMM specific on WDS.
3
Connect the test and deployment lead to WDS.
4
Measure the resistance of the air bag module squib.
NOTE:
NOTE:Vehicles built before 09/1998.
5
Connect the test and deployment lead to the passenger air bag module – second inflator.

6
Measure the resistance of the air bag module squib.

Is the resistance between 2 and 3 ohms?
Yes
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
No
INSTALL a new passenger air bag module.
REFER to: Passenger Air Bag Module (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
D3: CHECK THE PASSENGER AIR BAG WIRING HARNESS FOR OPEN CIRCUIT OR HIGH RESISTANCE
1
Ignition switch in position 0.
2
Disconnect Air Bag Control Module C151.
3
Disconnect Passenger Air Bag Module Simulator(s).

4
Measure the resistance between the:
  • air bag control module connector C151 pin 2, circuit 94S-MA31 (VT/WH), harness side and the passenger air bag module C154a pin 1, circuit 94S-MA31 (VT/WH), harness side.
  • air bag control module connector C151 pin 15, circuit 91S-MA31 (BK/WH), harness side and the passenger air bag module C154a pin 2, circuit 91S-MA31 (BK/WH), harness side.
  • NOTE:
    NOTE:Vehicles built up to 09/98
    air bag control module connector C151 pin 1, circuit 94S-MA32 (VT/YE), harness side and the passenger air bag module C154b pin 1, circuit 94S-MA32 (VT/YE), harness side.
  • air bag control module connector C151 pin 14, circuit 91S-MA32 (BK/YE), harness side and the passenger air bag module C154b pin 2, circuit 91S-MA32 (BK/YE), harness side.

Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes
INSTALL a new passenger air bag module.
REFER to: Passenger Air Bag Module (501-20B Supplemental Restraint System, Removal and Installation).
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
No
REPAIR circuit 91S-MA31 (BK/WH); or circuit 91S-MA32 (BK/YE); or 94S-MA31 (VT/WH); or circuit 94S-MA32 (VT/YE). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.

PINPOINT TEST E : WARNING INDICATOR CONDITION THREE FLASHES

TEST CONDITIONS DETAILS/RESULTS/ACTIONS
E1: CHECK THE AIR BAG CIRCUIT FOR LOW RESISTANCE
1
Deactivate the supplemental restraint system.
2
Disconnect Air Bag Control Module C151.

3
Measure the resistance between the:
  • air bag control module C151 pin 15, circuit 91S-MA31 (BK/WH), harness side and pin 3, circuit 94S-MA8 (VT), harness side.
  • air bag control module C151 pin 2, circuit 94S-MA31 (VT/WH), harness side and pin 16, circuit 91S-MA8 (BK/OG), harness side.
  • NOTE:
    NOTE:Vehicles built up to 09/1998
    air bag control module connector C151 pin 1, circuit 94S-MA32 (VT/YE), harness side and pin 2, circuit 94S-MA31 (VT/WH), harness side.
  • air bag control module connector C151 pin 14, circuit 91S-MA32 (BK/YE), harness side and pin 15, circuit 91S-MA31 (BK/WH), harness side.

Are the resistances greater than 10,000 ohms?
Yes
No
REPAIR circuit 91S-MA8 (BK/OG); or circuit 91S-MA31 (BK/WH); or circuit 91S-MA32 (BK/YE); or circuit 94S-MA8 (VT); or circuit 94S-MA31 (VT/WH); or circuit 94S-MA32 (VT/YE). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
E2: CHECK THE AIR BAG CIRCUIT FOR A SHORT TO SUPPLY
1
Ignition switch in position II.

2
Measure the voltage between the air bag control module C151:
  • pin 2, circuit 94S-MA31 (VT/WH) and ground.
  • pin 3, circuit 94S-MA8 (VT), harness side and ground.
  • NOTE:
    NOTE:Vehicles built up to 09/1998
    pin 1, circuit 94S- MA32 (VT/YE) and ground.

Is any voltage present?
Yes
REPAIR circuit 91S-MA8 (BK/OG); or circuit 91S-MA31 (BK/WH); or circuit 91S-MA32 (BK/YE); or circuit 94S-MA8 (VT); or circuit 94S-MA31 (VT/WH); or circuit 94S-MA32 (VT/YE) and circuit 94-MA10 (VT/OG). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
No
E3: CHECK THE AIR BAG CIRCUIT FOR A SHORT TO GROUND

1
Measure the resistance between the air bag control module C151:
  • pin 2, circuit 94S-MA31 (VT/WH), harness side and ground.
  • pin 3, circuit 94S-MA8 (VT), harness side and ground.
  • NOTE:
    NOTE:Vehicles built up to 09/1998
    pin 1, circuit 94S- MA32 (VT/YE), harness side and ground.

Is the resistance greater than 10,000 ohms?
Yes
REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.
No
REPAIR circuit 91S-MA8 (BK/OG); or circuit 91S-MA31 (BK/WH); or circuit 91S-MA32 (BK/YE); or circuit 94S-MA8 (VT); or circuit 94S-MA31 (VT/WH); or circuit 94S-MA32 (VT/YE). REPEAT the self-test. REACTIVATE the system.

Mechanical Repairs > 5 Body and Paint > 501 Body and Paint > 501-20B Supplemental Restraint System > Description and Operation > Diagnosis and Testing > Air Bag Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) - Vehicles Built Up To: 02-2000

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