K 2500 Truck 4WD V8-379 6.2L DSL VIN C FI (1989)
Diode Trio: Description and Operation
Alternators are composed of the same functional parts as the conventional D.C. generator but they operate differently. The field is called a rotor and is
the turning portion of the unit. The generating part, called a stator, is the stationary member, comparable to the armature in a D.C. generator. The
regulator, similar to those used in a D.C. system, regulates the output of the alternator-rectifier system.
The power source of the system is the alternator. Current is transmitted from the field terminal of the regulator through a slip ring to the field coil and
back to ground through another slip ring. The strength of the field regulates the output of the alternating current. This alternating current is then
transmitted from the alternator to the rectifier where it is converted to direct current.
These alternators employ a three-phase stator winding in which the phase windings are electrically 120 degrees apart. The rotor consists of a field coil
encased between interleaved sections producing. When the rotor is energized, a magnetic field with alternate north and south poles is created. By rotating
the rotor inside the stator the alternating current is induced in the stator windings. This alternating current is rectified (changed to D.C.) by silicon diodes
and brought out to the output terminal of the alternator.
Six silicon diode rectifiers are used and act as electrical one-way valves. Three of the diodes have ground polarity and are pressed or screwed into a
heat sink which is grounded. The other three diodes (ungrounded) are pressed or screwed into and insulated from the end head; these diodes are
connected to the alternator output terminal.
Since the diodes have a high resistance to the flow of current in one direction and a low resistance in the opposite direction, they may be connected in
a manner which allows current to flow from the alternator to the battery in the low resistance direction. The high resistance in the opposite direction
prevents the flow of current from the battery to the alternator. Because of this feature no circuit breaker is required between the alternator and battery.