Savana 3500 V8-4.8L (2009)
Compression Check: Testing and Inspection
Engine Compression Test
1. Charge the battery if the battery is not fully charged.
2. Disable the ignition system.
3. Disable the fuel injection system.
4. Remove all spark plugs.
5. Turn the ignition to the ON position.
6. Depress the accelerator pedal to position the throttle plate wide open.
7. Start with the compression gage at zero and crank the engine through 4 compression strokes, 4 puffs.
8. Measure the compression for each cylinder. Record the readings.
9. If a cylinder has low compression, inject approximately 15 ml (1 tablespoon) of engine oil into the combustion chamber through the spark plug
hole. Measure the compression again and record the reading.
10. The minimum compression in any 1 cylinder should not be less than 70 percent of the highest cylinder. No cylinder should read less than 690 kPa
(100 psi). For example, if the highest pressure in any 1 cylinder is 1 035 kPa (150 psi), the lowest allowable pressure for any other cylinder would
be 725 kPa (105 psi). (1 035 x 70% = 725) (150 x 70% = 105).
Normal - Compression builds up quickly and evenly to the specified compression for each cylinder.
Piston Rings Leaking - Compression is low on the first stroke. Compression builds up with the following strokes, but does not reach normal.
Compression improves considerably when you add oil.
Valves Leaking - Compression is low on the first stroke. Compression usually does not build up on the following strokes. Compression does
not improve much when you add oil.
If 2 adjacent cylinders have lower than normal compression, and injecting oil into the cylinders does not increase the compression, the cause
may be a head gasket leaking between the cylinders.