Freestar V6-4.2L VIN 2 (2004)
Accumulator HVAC: Description and Operation
NOTE: Installation of a new suction accumulator is not required when repairing the air conditioning system except when there is physical evidence of
system contamination from a failed A/C compressor or damage to the suction accumulator.
The suction accumulator is mounted near the RH shock tower. The evaporator outlet line attaches directly to the inlet of the suction accumulator and the
compressor manifold and tube assembly attaches to the suction accumulator outlet.
After entering the inlet of the suction accumulator, the heavier oil-laden refrigerant contacts an internally mounted dome (which serves as an umbrella)
and drips down onto the bottom of the canister.
A small diameter oil bleed hole, in the bottom of the vapor return tube, allows the accumulated heavier liquid refrigerant and oil mixture to
re-enter the compressor suction line at a controlled rate.
As the heavier mixture passes through the small diameter liquid bleed hole, it has a second chance to vaporize and recirculate through the A/C
compressor without causing compressor damage due to slugging.
A fine mesh screened filter fits tightly around the bottom of the vapor return inlet to filter out refrigerant system contaminant particles.
A desiccant bag is mounted inside the canister to absorb any moisture which may be in the refrigerant system.