Commander 4WD V8-4.7L VIN N (2006)
Coolant Temperature Sensor/Switch (For Computer): Description and Operation
SENSOR-ENGINE COOLANT TEMPERATURE
The Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor is used to sense engine coolant temperature. The sensor protrudes into an engine water jacket.
The ECT sensor is a two-wire Negative Thermal Coefficient (NTC) sensor. Meaning, as engine coolant temperature increases, resistance (voltage) in
the sensor decreases. As temperature decreases, resistance (voltage) in the sensor increases.
At key-on, the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) sends out a regulated 5 volt signal to the ECT sensor. The PCM then monitors the signal as it passes
through the ECT sensor to the sensor ground (sensor return).
When the engine is cold, the PCM will operate in Open Loop cycle. It will demand slightly richer air-fuel mixtures and higher idle speeds. This is
done until normal operating temperatures are reached.
The PCM uses inputs from the ECT sensor for the following calculations:
for engine coolant temperature gauge operation through CCD or PCI (J1850) communications
ASD relay shut-down times
Idle Air Control (IAC) motor key-on steps
Pulse-width prime-shot during cranking
O2 sensor closed loop times
Purge solenoid on/off times
EGR solenoid on/off times (if equipped)
Leak Detection Pump operation (if equipped)
Radiator fan relay on/off times (if equipped)
Target idle speed