landrover Workshop Repair Guides

Land Rover Workshop Manuals

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GENERAL INFORMATION

03-1

GENERAL INFORMATION

General precautions

Dangerous substances
Modern vehicles contain many materials and liquids 
which if not handled with care can be hazardous to 
both personal health and the environment.

WARNING: Many liquids and other substances 
used in motor vehicles are poisonous and should 
under no circumstances be consumed and 
should, as far as possible, be kept from contact 
with the skin. These liquids and substances 
include acid, anti-freeze, asbestos, brake fluid, 
fuel, windscreen washer additives, lubricants, 
refrigerants and various adhesives.

Always read carefully the instructions printed on 
labels or stamped on components and obey them 
implicitly. Such instructions are included for 
reasons of your health and personal safety. 
Never disregard them.

WARNING: Many of the fluids used in motor 
vehicles, such as coolant, brake fluid and power 
steering fluid,  are inflammable. Take care not to 
spill fluids when topping-up, a fire may result. If 
spillage does occur, ensure the area is 
thoroughly cleaned before starting the engine.

Synthetic rubber 
Many 'O' rings, seals, hoses, flexible pipes and other 
similar  items which appear to be natural rubber, are 
in fact, made of  synthetic materials called 
Fluoroelastomers.

Under normal operating conditions this material is 
safe and does not present a health hazard. However, 
if the material is damaged by fire or excessive 
heating, it can break down and produce highly 
corrosive Hydrofluoric acid which can cause serious 
burns on contact with skin.

If skin contact does occur: 

l

Remove any contaminated clothing 
immediately.

l

Irrigate effected area of skin with a copious 
amount of cold water or  limewater for 15 to 60 
minutes.

l

Obtain medical assistance immediately.

Should any material be in a burnt or over-heated 
condition, handle with extreme caution and wear 
protective clothing (seamless industrial gloves, 
protective apron etc.). Decontaminate and dispose of 
gloves immediately after use.

Lubricating oils 
WARNING: Avoid excessive skin contact with used 
engine oil. Used engine oil contains potentially 
harmful contaminants which may cause skin cancer 
or other serious skin disorders.

WARNING: Avoid excessive skin contact with 
mineral oil. Mineral oils remove the natural fats from 
the skin, leading to dryness, irritation and dermatitis.

Health protection precautions
The following precautions should be observed at all 
times:

l

Avoid prolonged and repeated contact with oils, 
particularly used engine oils.

l

Wear protective clothing, including impervious 
gloves where practicable.

l

Do not put oily rags in pockets.

l

Avoid contaminating clothes (particularly those 
next to the skin) with oil.

l

Overalls must be cleaned regularly. Discard 
heavily soiled clothing and oil impregnated 
footwear.

l

First aid treatment should be obtained 
immediately for open cuts and wounds.

l

Use barrier creams: apply before each work 
period to help prevent lubricating oil from 
contaminating the skin.

l

Wash with soap and water to ensure all oil is 
removed (propriety skin cleansers and nail 
brushes will help).

l

Use moisturisers after cleaning; preparations 
containing lanolin help replace the skin's natural 
oils which have been removed.

l

Do not use petrol, kerosene, diesel fuel, gas, oil, 
thinners or solvents for cleaning skin.

l

If skin disorders develop, obtain medical advice 
without delay.

l

Where practicable, degrease components prior 
to handling.

l

Wear eye protection (e.g. goggles or face 
shield) if there is a risk of eye contamination. 
Eye wash facilities should be provided in the 
close  vicinity of the work area.

GENERAL INFORMATION > General precautions

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