S60 L5-2.4L VIN 64 B5244S6 (2003)
The function of the leak diagnostic unit is to pressurize the fuel tank system during leak diagnostics and to open the fuel tank system to the surrounding
air during evaporative emissions control.
The leak diagnostic unit consists of a plastic housing with:
1. electrical air pump
2. a valve / solenoid which governs the air flow in the unit
3. a heater element (PTC resistor) which warms up the pump.
The electrical pump, valve and heater element in the unit are supplied with voltage by the system relay. The pump, valve and heater element are
grounded (control) in the engine control module (ECM).
During leak diagnostics the pump in the leak diagnostic unit starts. The valve in the unit is operated by the engine control module (ECM) by grounding
the different circuits internally in the engine control module (ECM). The engine control module (ECM) gauges the power consumption of the pump
during pressurization. The power consumption corresponds to a certain pressure in the fuel tank system.
The engine control module (ECM) can diagnose the leak diagnostic unit.
The valve in the leak diagnostic unit can be activated and the power consumption of the pump can be read off using VIDA.
The leak diagnostic unit is at the upper front edge of the fuel tank.
Outside temperature sensor
The outside temperature sensor detects the temperature in the surrounding air. The signal is used by the engine control module (ECM) as a substitute
value in the event of a fault in certain components or functions and to control certain diagnostic functions.
The sensor is a negative temperature coefficient (NTC) type which is supplied with power from the control module (signal). The resistance in the sensor
changes with the outside temperature. This alters the signal to the engine control module (ECM). The lower the temperature the higher the voltage (high
resistance). A high temperature results in low voltage (low resistance).
The outside temperature sensor is positioned in the left door mirror.
The engine control module (ECM) can diagnose the outside temperature sensor. The sensor value can be read off using VIDA.
Engine speed (RPM) sensor