XC90 2.5T AWD L5-2.5L Turbo VIN 59 B5254T2 (2003)
Engine Control Module: Description and Operation
The engine control module (ECM) checks itself and all input and output signals.
Four different conditions for diagnostics
When all diagnostic functions have been gone through.
Begins 15 seconds after the engine starts and finishes when the engine is switched off.
Begins when the engine starts and engine coolant temperature (ECT) is below 40°C (104°F) and finishes when the engine temperature is above 84°C
Some diagnostics are carried out a set amount of time after a particular occurrence (for example when vehicle speed is above 23 km/h (14.3 mph)).
Emissions related diagnostic functions
The engine control module (ECM) checks that the emissions related functions are working. These systems are checked by an ongoing diagnostic
function. The diagnostic function checks that the relevant components and the actual function in the system are working. It is called a trip when all
diagnostic functions have been gone through. Trip time may vary depending on driving style, but normally it takes approximately 25 minutes fir mixed
Diagnostic trouble code (DTC) memory
When the engine control module (ECM) detects a fault, the diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is stored with the qualifier and status in the unit DTC
memory. For certain types of diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) the missing signal is replaced with a substitute value so that the system can continue to
If the fault disappears, the diagnostic trouble code (DTC) will be present for a longer time in the diagnostic trouble code (DTC) memory although the
status of the code will have changed.
Malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) activation
Emissions related diagnostic trouble codes (DTC) are stored even when it is lit. A counter counts down to determine when the malfunction indicator
lamp (MIL) should be lit. The conditions for lighting the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) vary depending on the diagnostic trouble code (DTC) that is
Faults that have been diagnosed in the automatic transmission may affect emissions and the automatic transmission may request the activation of the
malfunction indicator lamp (MIL).