Hint: The above illustration is for a 6 cylinder engine. However the principle is the same for 5 cylinder engines.
The boost pressure in the intake manifold is controlled by the boost pressure control (BPC) valves, whose pressure regulators (1) are affected by the
pressure from the turbocharger (TC) (2).
The Engine Control Module (ECM) receives information about the actual throttle position via the throttle position sensor (TP) for the throttle unit (3),
engine load, knocking etc. This affects the boost pressure that is permitted. The boost pressure is measured by the boost pressure sensor.
The control module controls the control pressure using the turbocharger (TC) control valve (4) (also see Design See: Powertrain
Management/Computers and Control Systems/Description and Operation/Bosch ME7.01 Engine Management System/Design ), which controls the
pressure to the boost pressure control (BPC) valves so that the control is adapted to the required pressure.
The pressure regulators in the boost pressure control (BPC) valves are affected when the pressure rises. When the boost pressure has increased to the
maximum permissible value, the boost pressure control (BPC) valves open. Some of the exhaust gases pass the turbine in the turbocharger (TC), limiting
the boost pressure.
Turbocharger (TC) control is governed continually by the engine control module (ECM).
When a higher boost pressure is permitted, the control module opens the turbocharger (TC) control valve further. Some of the boost pressure which
affects the pressure regulators for the boost pressure control (BPC) valves is released back into the turbocharger (TC) intake. This lowers the control
pressure, the boost pressure control (BPC) valves open later and the boost pressure increases.
Because the control module calculates the boost pressure using the signal from the boost pressure sensor and the intake temperature sensor, there is
automatic compensation of boost pressure control when driving at altitude and at different temperatures. As a result engine power will not be noticeably
affected by the air density or temperature.
The engine control module (ECM) can diagnose the turbocharger (TC) control function.