XC90 AWD L5-2.5L Turbo VIN 59 B5254T2 (2005)
Climate Control Exhaust Gas Sensor: Description and Operation
Air quality sensor
To offer the customer a passenger compartment which is free of bad odors and pollutants.
By placing an air quality sensor in the air intake it is possible to measure the amounts of polluted air, primarily from motor vehicles. The signal from the
air quality sensor is used to exclude the pollutants by using the recirculation (REC) mode. An activated carbon filter is installed in the heater. This filter
takes care of the pollutants in the couple of seconds before the recirculation shutter closes and on those occasions when recirculation cannot be used
because of misting. The filter and the sensor are interdependent to provide the customer with as clean a passenger compartment as possible. The climate
control system is equipped with a button to activate the system.
By supplying a particle filter with activated carbon, gases entering the passenger compartment can be absorbed. The focus of exclusion is on the
following substances: NO, NO2, HC(benzene, toluene, xylene), CO, ozone.
What can activated carbon absorb?
Cold start: Good absorption of gasoline components is usually achieved.
Manure: Ammonia is badly absorbed, however some neutralization can be expected.
Exhausts: Good separation of uncombusted hydrocarbons and "diesel odor" is achieved.
Oil odor: Good.
Water treatment plants: Sulfuric acid cannot be dealt with.
Pulp mills: Many odorous substances. Some can be absorbed.
Odors are complicated and are difficult to explain in terms of concentrations and percentages. A filter will reduce odors and minimize strong odor
changes and will therefore improve comfort. The car can never be completely odorless. In some cases the odor compounds may seem unexpected
because the constituent substance compounds are modified.
The sensor registers NOxCO and HC. These are the most prominent compounds produced by motor vehicles. The sensor registers increases in
concentrations, for example when a tunnel is entered or when driving behind a truck. The sensor learns the environment it is in and only reacts to the
relevant increase in concentration. One point is that the sensor reacts to CO, a compound which activated charcoal filters cannot handle.