V70 XC AWD L5-2.4L Turbo VIN 56 B5254T (1998)
Alignment: Service and Repair
For the car to have good steering properties and a minimum of tire wear the wheels must be correctly aligned. The wheel angles include; caster (axle
inclination), camber (wheel inclination), Ackerman angles, king pin inclination and toe-in/out.
Note! All measurements should be made with the car empty.
Corrections Before Wheel Alignment
The following may also affect the wheel angles. Before measuring and adjusting these faults should be rectified.
1. Differing tire pressures
2. Differing tire wear
3. Play in the front wheel bearings
4. Play in the ball joint or control arm mounting
5. Broken springs
6. Damaged steering gear
7. Play in the tie rods
8. Damaged upper shock absorber bearing
9. Abnormal (temporary) equipment or load
Checking And Adjusting The Wheel Alignment
Note! When checking and adjusting front wheel alignment the following applies:
Any camber angle adjustment must always be made before adjusting the toe-in
Because the rear wheels have adjustable toe-in, the front wheels must always be adjusted in relation to the car's geometric driving axis line. This is
to achieve the maximum stability and minimize tire
Note! All measurements must be made with the car empty. Check the tire pressure on all tires. See specifications for the relevant tire.
Lift Up Front end
Lift under the control arms as close to the ball joints as possible.
Check for play in:
the steering gear or tie rods
the wheel bearings
the upper spring strut mountings
control arm ball joints and bushings.
If there is play in any of the above components it must be corrected refer to the relevant repair information.
Set Up The Test Equipment
Set up and calibrate test equipment according to its instructions.
Position the turntables under the front wheels. Use turntables which take up lateral movement.
Note! The car must stand level when the front wheels are on the turntables. So that the correct values are obtained when checking camber a caster.
Bounce the front suspension heavily a few times when the car has been set onto the turntables. This must be done for the front suspension to return to
the normal position.
Checking Camber Angle
Check the camber angle on both sides.
Correct value: 0° ± 1.0°.
The camber angle may vary by a maximum of 1.0° between the left and right wheels.